There are many different types of bacteria in the environment. Most frequently occurring environmental bacteria are those usually considered as non-pathogenic or harmless. Some bacteria, however, are a health hazard posing serious health threats.
Besides air culture testing, it maybe required to analyse water, solids, and surface samples for any specific bacteria.
Bacteria Inspection and microbiologic sampling is usually carried out in certain situations:
- For supporting an outbreak of disease or infections investigation: when objects or materials which are likely to carry infection or environmental reservoirs are implicated in disease transmission, it is important to have a bacteria inspection done.
- For research: a bacteria inspection is vital to track before and after infection rates when providing new information about the spread of health-care associated diseases. Well-designed and controlled experimental methods/approaches can provide comparative data in a premises or facility before and shortly after renovation and occupancy.
- For monitoring: a sampling can detect/confirm and identify the presence of a hazardous chemical or biological agent in an indoor environment. A bacteria inspection can also detect bioaerosols released from the operation of health-care equipment.
- For quality assurance: when ensuring that equipment or systems perform according to specifications and expected outcomes and evaluating the effects of a change in infection-control practice, a bacteria inspection can validate the success of any such equipment repairs or remediation of the hazard for hygiene or safety purposes.